Migraines and Headaches

People with high blood pressure need an honest assessment of their condition. Learn about the risks, causes and treatments for this common health issue in this helpful guide. Keyword to include: High blood pressure


What’s the difference between a migraine and headache? 

Migraine Headache Both
  • Head pain level is moderate to severe. May become unbearable pain.  
  • Head pain causes a throbbing, pounding, or pulsating sensation. 
  • Physical activity or movement worsen the migraine pain. 
  • Light sensitivity 
  • Nausea and/or vomiting 
  • Migraine lasts anywhere from four hours to several days 
  • Area of pain will depend on the type of headache (tension, cluster, etc.). 
  • Frequency and intensity of headache may vary. 
  • Pain is mild to moderate, but not severe. 
  • Pain may involve the back part of the head. 
  • May not cause nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light. 
  • Sensitivity to light or sound (not both) 
  • Pain on both sides of the head 
  • Mild to moderate pain 
  • Nasal congestion 

What causes migraines and headaches? 

People who experience migraines may notice that certain trigger the onset of a migraine. Triggers will differ from person to person. Triggers can be anything from environmental changes to specific foods. 

Other triggers for migraines include but are not limited to:  

  • Stress 
  • Hormonal changes 
  • Lack of sleep 
  • Hunger  
  • Alcohol consumption 
  • Depression 
  • Anxiety 

Common triggers for headaches include but are not limited to:  

  • Alcohol consumption 
  • Stress 
  • Caffeine 
  • Eyestrain 
  • Hormonal changes 
  • Smoking  

How can I improve my quality of life? 

Many people require prescription medications to treat migraines. Take your prescription medication as prescribed by your provider 

Lifestyle factors may help prevent a migraine or headache episode:  

  • Regularly exercise 
  • Eliminate trigger foods in your diet.  
  • Practice relaxation techniques, such as medication. This is especially useful if stress if your trigger.  
  • Practice and learn other stress-management techniques.  
  • Keep a log or journal of your migraines to track patterns and uncover potential triggers.  



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